Chapter XI – Of Justification.

Those whom God effectually calleth He also freely justifieth;(1) not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous: not for anything wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ’s sake alone: nor by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience, to them as their righteousness; but by imputing the obedience and satisfaction of Christ unto them,(2) they receiving and resting on Him and His righteousness, by faith: which faith they have not of themselves; it is the gift of God.(3)

(1)                Ro 8:30; Ro 3:24.

(2)                Ro 4:5-8; 2Co 5:19,21; Ro 3:22,24,25,27,28; Tit 3:5,7; Eph 1:7; Jer 23:6; 1Co 1:30,31; Ro 5:17,18,19.

(3)                Ac 10:44; Gal 2:16; Php 3:9; Ac 13:38,39; Eph 2:7,8.


  1. Faith, thus receiving and resting on Christ and His righteousness, is the alone instrument of justification;(1) yet is it not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but worketh by love.(2)

(1)                Jn 1:12; Ro 3:28; Ro 5:1.

(2)                Jas 2:17,22,26; Gal 5:6.

iii.                 Christ, by His obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are thus justified, and did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to His Father’s justice in their behalf.(1) Yet, inasmuch as He was given by the Father for them,(2) and His obedience and satisfaction accepted in their stead,(3) and both, freely, not for anything in them, their justification is only of free grace;(4) that both the exact justice and rich grace of God might be glorified in the justification of sinners.(5)

(1)                Ro 5:8,9,10,19; 1Ti 2:5,6; Heb 10:10,14; Da 9:24,26; Isa 53:4,5,6,10,11,12.

(2)                Ro 8:32.

(3)                2Co 5:21; Mt 3:17; Eph 5:2.

(4)                Ro 3:24; Eph 1:7.

(5)                Ro 3:26; Eph 2:7.

God did, from all eternity, decree to justify all the elect;(1) and Christ did, in the fulness of time, die for their sins, and rise again for their justification:(2) nevertheless, they are not justified, until the Holy Spirit doth, in due time, actually apply Christ unto them.(3) (1)         Gal 3:8; 1Pe 1:2,19,20; Ro 8:30.

(2)                Gal 4:4; Ro 4:25.

(3)                Col 1:21,22; Gal 2:16; Tit 3:4-7.

  1. God doth continue to forgive the sins of those that are justified;(1) and, although they can never fall from the state of justification,(2) yet they may, by their sins, fall under God’s fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of His countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance.(3)

(1)                Mt 6:12; 1Jn 1:7,9; 1Jn 2:1,2.

(2)                Lk 22:32; Jn 10:28; Heb 10:14.

(3)                Ps 89:31,32,33; Ps 51:7-12; Ps 32:5; Mt 26:75; 1Co 11:30,32; Lk 1:20.

The justification of believers under the Old Testament was, in all these respects, one and the same with the justification of believers under the New Testament.(1)

(1)                Gal 3:9,13,14; Ro 4:22,23,24; Heb 13:8.

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4 Responses to Chapter XI – Of Justification.

  1. Anonymous says:

    Calvinism isn’t compatible with the most God’s nature in 1 John 4:8 “God is love” that affirms universal salvation and temporal purgatory. It is impossible for the love to exclude someone from the justification, salvation and atonement. How is it possible for the loving One to impose hate on Esau?

  2. Anonymous says:

    (i) “God is love” is information of nature, and there’s no additional “God is hate” for his nature.
    (ii) The passage of “God hates Esau” is derived originally from the Old Testament where the God’s mercy has not yet manifested and fulfilled.
    (iii) God’s mercy outmatches his wrath. This implies purgatory.
    (iv) Election of the chosen ones keeps expanding over time. First it is only upon Abraham, then on Isaac, then on Jacob, then on Jews. Finally on the Gentiles as well as on the beasts, lions, creatures. All flesh shall see salvation, Lk 3:6.
    Lk 3:6
    And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.

  3. Anonymous says:

    John 15:13
    Greater love has no one than this, that someone lay down his life for his friends.

    Now which ones are Jesus’ friends? The good ones, Judas and the unrepentants, or in other words as Universalism.
    Mt 26
    49 And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, master; and kissed him. 50 And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art thou come? Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took him.
    Lk 16:9
    And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting habitations.

  4. Anonymous says:

    The Calvinist Limited atonement is not a greater love. The atoning love reaches those who do not love Jesus. So, the greater love isn’t for Christians alone. No privilege.
    Lk 6:32
    For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? for sinners also love those that love them.

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