Chapter IX – Of Free Will and Chapter X – Of Effectual Calling.

  1. God hath endued the will of man with that natural liberty, that it is neither forced, nor by any absolute necessity of nature determined, to good or evil.(1) (1) Mt 17:12; Jas 1:14; Dt 30:19.

 

  1. Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom and power to will and to do that which was good and wellpleasing to God;(1) but yet, mutably, so that he might fall from it.(2) (1) Ecc 7:29; Ge 1:26.
    • Ge 2:16,17; Ge 3:6.

 

  • Man, by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation;(1) so as, a natural man, being altogether averse from that good,(2) and dead in sin,(3) is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto.(4) (1) Ro 5:6; Ro 8:7; Jn 15:5.
    • Ro 3:10,12.
    • Eph 2:1,5; Col 2:13.
    • Jn 6:44,65; Eph 2:2,3,4,5; 1Co 2:14; Tit 3:3,4,5.

 

  1. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, He freeth him from his natural bondage under sin,(1) and by His grace alone, enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good;(2) yet so as that, by reason of his remaining corruption, he doth not perfectly nor only will that which is good, but doth also will that which is evil.(3) (1)             Col 1:13; Jn 8:34,36.
  • Php 2:13; Ro 6:18,22.
  • Gal 5:17; Ro 7:15,18,19,21,23.
  1. The will of man is made perfectly and immutably free to do good alone in the state of glory only.(1)

(1)          Eph 4:13; Heb 12:23; 1Jn 3:2; Jude 24.

  1. All those whom God hath predestinated unto life, and those only, He is pleased, in His appointed and accepted time, effectually to call,(1) by His Word and Spirit,(2) out of that state of sin and death in which they are by nature, to grace and salvation by Jesus Christ;(3) enlightening their minds spiritually and savingly to understand the things of God;(4) taking away their heart of stone, and giving unto them a heart of flesh;(5) renewing their wills, and, by His almighty power determining them to that which is good;(6) and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ;(7) yet so as they come most freely, being made willing by His grace.(8) (1)               Ro 8:30; Ro 11:7; Eph 1:10,11.
  • 2Th 2:13,14; 2Co 3:3,6.
  • Ro 8:2; Eph 2:1-5; 2Ti 1:9,10.
  • Ac 26:18; 1Co 2:10,12; Eph 1:17,18.
  • Eze 36:26.
  • Eze 11:19; Php 2:13; Dt 30:6; Eze 37:27.
  • Eph 1:19; Jn 6:44,45.
  • SS 1:4; Ps 110:3; Jn 6:37; Ro 6:16,17,18.
  1. This effectual call is of God’s free and special grace alone, not from anything at all foreseen in man;(1) who is altogether passive therein, until, being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit,(2) he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it.(3) (1)         2Ti 1:9; Tit 3:4,5; Eph 2:4,5,8,9; Ro 9:11.
  • 1Co 2:14; Ro 8:7; Eph 2:5.
  • Jn 6:37; Eze 36:27; Jn 5:25. Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit,(1) who worketh when, and where, and how He pleaseth.(2) So also are all other elect persons, who are uncapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word.(3)
  • Lk 18:15,16; Ac 2:38,39; Jn 3:3,5; 1Jn 5:12; Ro 8:9.
  • Jn 3:8.
  • 1Jn 5:12; Ac 4:12.

 

  1. Others not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the Word,(1) and may have some common operations of the Spirit,(2) yet they never truly come unto Christ, and therefore cannot be saved:(3) much less can men, not professing the Christian religion be saved in any other way whatsoever, be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the laws of that religion they do profess;(4) and, to assert and maintain that they may, is very pernicious, and to be detested.(5)
  • Mt 22:14.
  • Mt 7:22; Mt 13:20,21; Heb 6:4,5.
  • Jn 6:64,65,66; Jn 8:24.
  • Ac 4:12; Jn 14:6; Eph 2:12; Jn 4:22; Jn 17:3.
  • 2 Jn 9,10,11; 1Co 16:22; Gal 1:6,7,8.
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