Chapter VII – Of God’s Covenant with Man.

i. The distance between God and the creature is so great, that although reasonable creatures do owe obedience unto Him as their Creator, yet they could never have any fruition of Him as their blessedness and reward, but by some voluntary condescension on God’s part, which He hath been pleased to express by way of covenant.(1) (1) Isa 40:13-17; Job 9:32,33; 1Sa 2:25; Ps 113:5,6; Ps 100:2,3; Job 22:2,3; Job 35:7,8; Lk 17:10; Ac 17:24,25

ii. The first covenant made with man was a covenant of works,(1) wherein life was promised to Adam, and in him to his posterity,(2) upon condition of perfect and personal obedience.(3) (1) Gal 3:12 (2) Ro 10:5; Ro 5:12-20 (3) Ge 2:17; Gal 3:10

iii. Man, by his fall, having made himself incapable of life by that covenant, the Lord was pleased to make a second,(1) commonly called the Covenant of Grace, whereby He freely offereth unto sinners life and salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them faith in Him, that they may be saved;(2) and promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto eternal life His Holy Spirit, to make them willing, and able to believe.(3) (1) Gal 3:21; Ro 8:3; Ro 3:20,21; Ge 3:15; Isa 42:6 (2) Mk 16:15,16; Jn 3:16; Ro 10:6,9; Gal 3:11 (3) Eze 36:26,27; Jn 6:44,45

iv. This covenant of grace is frequently set forth in the Scripture by the name of a Testament, in reference to the death of Jesus Christ the testator, and to the everlasting inheritance, with all things belonging to it, therein bequeathed.(1) (1) Heb 9:15,16,17; Heb 7:22; Lk 22:20; 1Co 11:25

v. This covenant was differently administered in the time of the law, and in the time of the gospel;(1) under the law it was administered by promises, prophecies, sacrifices, circumcision, the paschal lamb, and other types and ordinances delivered to the people of the Jews, all foresignifying Christ to come,(2) which were for that time sufficient and efficacious, through the operation of the Spirit, to instruct and build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah,(3) by whom they had full remission of sins, and eternal salvation; and is called the Old Testament.(4) (1) 2Co 3:6,7,8,9 (2) Heb 8,9 & 10; Ro 4:11; Col 2:11,12; 1Co 5:7 (3) 1Co 10:1,2,3,4; Heb 11:13; Jn 8:56 (4) Gal 3:7,8,9,14

vi. Under the gospel, when Christ the substance(1) was exhibited, the ordinances in which this covenant is dispensed are the preaching of the Word, and the administration of the sacraments of Baptism and the Lord’s Supper,(2) which, though fewer in number, and administered with more simplicity and less outward glory, yet in them it is held forth in more fullness, evidence, and spiritual efficacy,(3) to all nations, both Jews and Gentiles;(4) and is called the New Testament.(5) There are not therefore two covenants of grace differing in substance, but one and the same under various dispensations.(6) (1) Col 2:17 (2) Mt 28:19,20; 1Co 11:23,24,25 (3) Heb 12:22-27; Jer 31:33,34 (4) Mt 28:19; Eph 2:15-19 (5) Lk 22:20 (6) Gal 3:14,16; Ac 15:11; Ro 3:21,22,23,30; Ps 32:1; Ro 4:3,6,16,17,23,24; Heb 13:8

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One Response to Chapter VII – Of God’s Covenant with Man.

  1. θ says:

    “Madmanna says: i. The distance between God and the creature is so great,”

    Distance between Jesus who stands in heaven and the men who wander around on the earth is also great. So what has been changed?

    Jesus chooses to be more closer to his God and his angels in heaven rather than to be with ye the deplorable men on the earth. Jesus can’t be a serious mediator or high priest of men if he just stays away so far in heaven.
    The Levite priests were more closer to men than him.
    At most, Jesus were with the disciples just 40 days after reconciling them with God. That’s it. After that, don’t push your luck folks. Sorry, Jesus doesn’t love ye sore losers that much.

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