The fundamental characteristic of a just war is that it is a defensive war. Either to defend one’s self or nation or to defend the lives of those of another nation. Mohammed’s wars were not defensive therefore they were not just.

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One Response to The fundamental characteristic of a just war is that it is a defensive war. Either to defend one’s self or nation or to defend the lives of those of another nation. Mohammed’s wars were not defensive therefore they were not just.

  1. θ says:

    – Defensive war to retrieve again the confiscated properties from Mekkan’s caravans.
    Ibn Ishaq, p.230
    Their houses in Mecca were locked up when they migrated, leaving no inhabitant.When the B. Jahsh gave up their house Abu Sufyan went and sold it to ‘Amr b. ‘Alqama brother of B. ‘Amir b. Lu’ayy. When the owners heard of this ‘Abdullah b. Jahsh told the apostle of it, and he replied: ‘Are you not pleased that God will give you a better house in Paradise?’ And when he answered Yes, he said, ‘Then you have it.’ When the apostle got possession of Mecca Abu Ahmad spoke to him about their house; and the apostle delayed his reply. People said to him, ‘The apostle dislikes your reopening the question of your property which you lost in God’s service, so don’t speak to him about it again.’ Abu Ahmad said in reference to Abu Sufyan:Tell Abu Sufyan of a matter he will live to regret.You sold your cousin’s house to pay a debt you owed.Your ally by God the Lord of men swears an oath:Take it, Take it, may your treachery cling to you like the ring of the dove.

    Prophet Muhammad didn’t invite Medinahs to join the 1st campaign of retrieving the confiscated properties of Mekkan Moslems (Islamic Irredenta) from Mekkans.
    The properties in the caravan’s business belongs rightfully to Mekkan Moslems themselves.
    Prophet Muhammad didn’t do the tribal banditry (raid, Razzia).
    The sole mission of Islamic Irredenta is a justified retrieval, not about any banditry raid.

    Rather, Prophet Muhammad made pacts with Bedouins: Banu Damrah and Banu Madlaj. There’s no raid or plundering whatsoever against both Banu Damrah and Banu Madlaj.
    It is impossible for Moslems who suffered 13-year oppression and losses of property to do similar crime on Bedouins.
    In the earlier Medinah periods, Moslems unified Arabs and Jews, and then cemented the 1st political agenda with neighboring cities, tribes, other Non-Mekkans through a good negotiation, treaty of Non-aggression, and political recognition.
    They pledge to not attack Moslems and to not side with Mekkans. Moslems also pledged to protect and not attack them.

    – Mekkans persecuted Moslems before migration.
    Ibn Kathir.
    Allah’s statement, “Cursed were the People of the Ditch (Ukhdud)” (Q.85, v.4) meaning, the companions of the Ukhdud were cursed. The plural of Ukhdud is Akhadid, which means ditches in the ground. This is information about a group of people who were among the disbelievers. They went after those among them who believed in Allah and they attempted to force them to give up their religion. However, the believers refused to recant, so they dug a ditch for them in the ground. Then they lit a fire in it and prepared some fuel for it in order to keep it ablaze. Then they tried to convince them (the believers) to apostate from their religion (again), but they still refused them. So they threw them into the fire.

    – Defensive war against the ultimatum of Mekkans.
    After Moslems migrated and stayed in Medinah, Mekkan rulers declared wars to Medinahs both Arabs and Jews.
    Abu Dawud, Book 19, Hadith 2998.
    Narrated A man from the companions of the Prophet: Abdur Rahman ibn Ka’b ibn Malik reported on the authority of a man from among the companions of the Prophet: The infidels of the Quraysh wrote (a letter) to Ibn Ubayy and to those who worshipped idols from al-Aws and al-Khazraj, while the Apostle of Allah was at that time at Medina before the battle of Badr. (They wrote): You gave protection to our companion. We swear by Allah, you should fight him or expel him, or we shall come to you in full force, until we kill your fighters and appropriate your women.
    When this (news) reached Abdullah ibn Ubayy and those who were worshippers of idols, with him they gathered together to fight the Apostle of Allah. When this news reached the Apostle of Allah, he visited them and said: The threat of the Quraysh to you has reached its end. They cannot contrive a plot against you, greater than what you yourselves intended to harm you. Are you willing to fight your sons and brethren? When they heard this from the Prophet, they scattered.
    This reached the infidels of the Quraysh. The infidels of the Quraysh again wrote (a letter) to the Jews after the battle of Badr: You are men of weapons and fortresses. You should fight our companion or we shall deal with you in a certain way. And nothing will come between us and the anklets of your women. When their letter reached the Prophet, they gathered Banu an-Nadir to violate the treaty. They sent a message to the Prophet: Come out to us with thirty men from your companions, and thirty rabbis will come out from us till we meet at a central place where they will hear you. If they testify to you and believe in you, we shall believe in you. The narrator then narrated the whole story.

    – Defensive war against the war treason of Jews.
    Tabari, History, Foundation of the Community, Vol 7, p,85 – 86
    The Messenger of God remained in Medina after his return from Badr. When he first came to Medina he had made a compact with its Jews that they would not aid anyone against him and that if any enemy attacked him there they would come to his aid. After the Messenger of God killed many polytheists of Quraysh at Badr (the Jews) were envious and behaved badly towards him, saying, “Muhammed has not met anyone who is good at fighting. Had he met us, he would have had a battle which would be unlike a battle with anyone else.” They also infringed the contract in various ways. The Banu Qaynuqa were the first to infringe the agreement between them and the Messenger of God, they took to arms between Badr and Uhud.”
    bn Ishaq, Sirat Rasul Allah, p.363
    Asim b. Umar b. Qatada said that the banu Qaynuqa were the first of the Jews to break their agreements with the apostle and to go to war, between Badr and Uhud, and the Apostle besieged them until they surrendered unconditionally.
    Bukhari, Book 59, Hadith 362.
    Narrated Ibn Umar: Bani An-Nadir and Bani Quraiza fought (against the Prophet violating their peace treaty), so the Prophet exiled Bani An-Nadir and allowed Bani Quraiza to remain at their places (in Medina) taking nothing from them till they fought against the Prophet again. He then killed their men and distributed their women, children and property among the Muslims, but some of them came to the Prophet and he granted them safety, and they embraced Islam.

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