The God of Matthew 28 v 18 is numerically identical with the God of Isaiah 48 v 12

Israel Promised Deliverance

Isaiah chapter 48:

12 Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I am he; I am the first, I also am the last.

13 Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together.

Matthew 28:18

18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

The God who has the name Father, Son and Holy Ghost is the same God Jehovah who says “I am he; I am the first, I am also the last.

God is one person but he is also three persons. The three persons of Matthew 18 have numerical identity with the one person of Isaiah 48. Confusion arises if we are not specific about which person we are referring to. Are we referring to the person of the Godhead, the triune God as in Isaiah 48, who is one person although he consists of three persons; or do we mean one of the persons of the Godhead? One of the persons of the Godhead can not be either of the other two persons just as one side of a triangle can not be either of or both of the other two sides. Neither can a side of a triangle be the triangle itself. If a triangle represents the trinity and one side represents a person the resultant of the three sides is actually God, who is represented by the idea of a triangle. But a side represents a person so the resultant of three sides is again a person, the triune God. If a side is a person then this is actually a contradiction because three sides results in a person which is a side of the triangle. For three sides of the triangle to produce another side is a pure contradiction. So we have the contradiction that the result of three sides is a side and also a triangle. But the resultant side is three persons not one person which represents one side of the triangle of the trinity.

All three persons of the trinity are generically identical because they are all one and the same spirit which possesses the attributes of God.

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2 Responses to The God of Matthew 28 v 18 is numerically identical with the God of Isaiah 48 v 12

  1. Anonymous says:

    Percentage of distinction vs. co-equality.
    How much self-consciousness is he keeping for his person’s distinction.
    How much consciousness is Jesus sharing for his co-equality with two other consciousnesses in order to make up a God’s consciousness?

  2. θ says:

    For Islam, the content of Matt 28:18 is not specifically referring to the Trinity, hence not a real problem, because nowhere it say the idolatrous creed “Son is God”, or the “Spirit is God”. After all, the Name of the Father referred by the verse doesn’t necessarily point to another God either, since the city of Jerusalem and each believers shall be named as the Father as well in Rev 14:1.

    What is rejected by Islam is very precise, that is the sin of idolatry, not a mere hollow title “Son” or “Spirit” without any spiritual weight. In Qur’an, Jesus denies an idolatry of himself, namely by a passage “God is the Word” on the Trinitarian version of John 1:1. Jesus denies the Trinitarian John 1:1 in a very effective way of Q.5, v.72:
    Q.5, v.72. They have disbelieved who say, God is the Messiah, the son of Mary, while the Messiah has said, O Children of Israel, worship God, my Lord and your Lord. Indeed, whosoever associates others with God, God has forbidden him Paradise, and his refuge is the Fire. And there are not for the wrongdoers any helpers.

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